The existence of different types of Lenses Pro is because they are used for something more specific, especially if you specialize in a particular kind of photography like for landscapes, portraits, wildlife, children, street photography, macro and many others.
The lenses are categorized according to their specific function or focal range, especially when they are a specialist lens. Here are some of the most common lens types and what they are mainly used for.
Ultra Wide Lens
The first common Lenses Pro is the ultra-wide angle lens that has less than 24mm focal length. This means that it can take a wider scene compared to the typical lens, but it is not about to get all the subject in just one shot. The rectilinear ultra wide lenses help keep the lines straight. The fisheyes will result in curved walls and reproduced buildings.
They are often regarded as specialist lenses and can be used in a variety of ways. The typical use of this ultra wide lens includes interior, architecture and landscape photography. Even its distortion can be taken advantage of, particularly using the fisheye lens.
Wide Angle Lens
This lens typically covers the focal length between 24mm to 35mm. They are available in zooms or primes and can either be in fixed or variable maximum aperture. It can get a wide view and is often boasting of close minimum distances in focusing.
They are commonly used for when photographers want to capture the entire subject into a frame. It doesn’t matter what this subject is – it can be landscape, a group of people or building. Although these are just some of the good uses for such subjects, they are also good for portraits, when you feel you want to put a subject in a particular situation. You will have to be careful from distorting faces when you shoot too close to them.
Normally the Lenses Pro your camera gets is the kit lens. It has a focal range of 35-70mm. There are those that come with faster max apertures and better optics. Many photographers go with the 50 mm prime as its standard lens. They say that it can reproduce an angle view image that gives you that natural feeling that you see using your own eyes, even that is not technically true.
As the name of these lenses suggests, they can be used in multiple purposes whether you go for street, landscape, portrait or documentary. Since they usually come in prime lenses, meaning that they have faster max apertures, it allows the photographer to shoot shallower depth of the field, not to mention in low light, too.
Telephoto Lenses Pro come with a focal length exceeding 70mm, though many specialists that the true telephoto lens is those that go beyond 135mm. They are focused on narrower view compared to other lenses. They are perfect for focusing on specific distant or details on subjects. They are heavier and larger compared to any other lenses. Other than for photographing close subjects, they can also be used for landscapes.